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8 Strange Information About The Civilization Of Ancient Egypt



The ancient civilization of Egypt, about five thousand years ago, specifically in the year 3150 BC, and on the banks of the Nile River, one of the most prominent civilizations throughout history emerged, the ancient Egyptian civilization, which granted this land, about 30 centuries of artistic and architectural prosperity, until it ended with the conquest Alexander the Great in 332 BC.

1- Cleopatra was not Egyptian in origin!
Perhaps there is no symbol of ancient Egypt more famous than Cleopatra VII, but what I read with the title was true, even though she was born in Alexandria, but she descended from the smoothness of the ancient Greek Macedonians, “the ancient Greeks”, specifically from Ptolemy the First, Alexander the great’s assistant, “Alexander the Macedonian,” and his place of confidence.

The Ptolemaic dynasty ruled Egypt from 323 to 30 BC, and its leaders remained most affected by Greek culture, which made them continue to speak Greek, unlike Cleopatra, which is considered the first member of the Ptolemaic family to learn and speak the Egyptian language, and this is one of the main reasons for its popularity.

2- The first peace treaty recorded in history was Egyptian
For more than two centuries, the Egyptians fought against the Hittite Empire to control lands within the scope of what is called Syria today. The conflict developed for bloody confrontations, such as the Battle of Kadesh in 1247 BC, and with the rule of Pharaoh Ramses II, neither side achieved a decisive victory, in addition to They were threatened by the rest of the empires and kingdoms.

That is why peace negotiations were held in 1259 B.C. between Ramses II and the Hittite king Hatosselli, to produce the first peace treaty recorded in history.

3- Egyptians addicted to board games!
After a long day working on the banks of the Nile, the Egyptians were spending their time with table games, as they were fond of many types of games including Dogs and Jackals and Meeen but the Luck Sent game was the most popular among them.

 This game dates back to 3500 B.C. and was played on a board in which 30 squares were drawn. Each player used to have a number of pieces and move them on the board according to the number the dice settles on (just like our games), and historians still argue over the laws of the game but almost no one denies their popularity.

4- The Egyptian woman enjoyed many rights and freedoms
While women were socially inferior to men in most ancient civilizations, Egyptian women enjoyed legal and financial independence, and they were able to buy and sell, write a will, and even enter into legal contracts, and it was not among the customs of Egyptian women to work outside the home, but who would do so They got equal pay for men.

In contrast to the Greek women who were property of their husbands, the Egyptian woman had the right to divorce and marry someone else.

5- Egyptian workers were organizing strikes!
Although they considered the pharaoh as a kind of deity, they were not afraid to demonstrate in order to improve their working conditions, and the most famous example was in the twelfth century BC during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses III, when the workers were building the royal city of the dead in the city monastery, and they did not receive Their usual batches of grain, they organized one of the first recorded strikes in history.

The demonstration was more like a sit-in, as workers entered funerary temples, and they refused to leave until their complaints were answered. Indeed, their adventure succeeded and they received their later quota.

6- The Egyptians were the body’s dino!
Ancient Egyptian art usually depicted the pharaohs as elegant and idealistic beings, but this was not true. Tests conducted on Egyptian mummies confirmed that the Egyptian pharaohs were obese and unhealthy, and they also suffered from diabetes.

 Among the prominent examples is the legendary queen Hatshepsut, who lived in the pre-historic 15th century, while her sarcophagus (her sarcophagus) appears as the owner of a slender and athletic body, scientists confirm that she was fat and suffering from baldness !!

7- The pyramids were not built by slaves!
The life of the builders of the pyramids was not easy, because the great structures of the workers contained signs of arthritis in addition to some other diseases, but the evidence indicates that the one who built these giant tombs is not slaves but rather paid workers.

The idea that slaves had built the pyramids under the skin of whips was mentioned by the Greek historian Herodotus, but most of the successors who came after him deny this myth, however, history states that the first Egyptians were keeping slaves as servants of their homes.

8- Pharaoh Tutankhamun was killed by hippo!
There is little information available on the life of the young king Tutankhamun, but tests on the body of the young pharaoh show that he mummified without his heart or even his chest cage !!

This is a departure from the traditional Egyptian burial habits, which confirms that he suffered a terrible injury before his death, and some Egyptian antiquities experts believe that one of the most likely causes of his death in this wound will be by hippopotamus, this view is reasonable because the Egyptians were practicing the sport of hunting animals, and there is a statue of Tut Ankh Amon with his grave shows him throwing a spear.
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